ASCE came out with more bad news about infrastructure. 60 Minutes did a piece about deterioration of bridges. The magazine American City and County has published a couple articles about the risks of aging infrastructure. Asset management is practiced by few governments, and even fewer small ones. The public doesn’t want to foot the bill and lobbyists want taxes cut further. Where does it end?
The infrastructure crisis is a political and business leadership crisis. Or vacuum. The economy of America and much of the developed world was built on advanced (for their time) infrastructure systems constructed by governments with a vision to the future. Some of this infrastructure was repurposed (federal interstate system for example), but much of it has addressed critical issues that hampered our development. For example, the lack of water severely inhibits many third world nations. Even when they have water, it is unsafe to drink or use. In America, at the turn of the 20th century 1:100,000 people DIED each summer from typhoid. Just typhoid, not all the other waterborne disease options. Many more were sick. And the population was much smaller. Talk about reduced productivity. Now we have advanced water systems, disinfection practices that protect people and pipes, and few event get sick from contaminated water. Those that do, become headlines. You don’t want to be a headline. Productivity is up. But we expect good water and can’t see the pipes.
Sewer is an even better example. People just don’t want to know. Flush and it’s gone. But the equipment, treatment and materials may be even more complex than the water system. But few people get sick from sewage because of the systems we have built. Now think about third world examples. Or conditions you have seen in documentaries, the news or movies. Being in sewage is not a great place to be. Even the manhole thriving cockroaches agree..
Stormwater is probably the laggard here, in part because changes in development patterns have overwhelmed the old systems. Miami Beach experienced this when redevelopment replaced small houses on permeable lots with large housed with mostly impermeable property. Oops. Meanwhile road and bridges have received a lot of funding – with much to do (see bridge that collapsed on I-75 in Cincinnati a few weeks back). Most states fund transportation at a magnitude more than water and sewer.
What is the problem? Local officials do not convey an understanding of these complex system to the public very well. In part this may be because understanding the maintenance needs is difficult and highly variable. And many do not fully comprehend the assets they have, their condition, life expectancy or technological needs. No one knows when things will fails, so maintenance or replacement of some equipment or pipeline is always the thing cut in the budget, with no real understanding of the consequences.
The public does not see the asset, assumes it will have a long life, so is unconcerned until they are affected. Then it is personal. The public does not understood the impact or value that these assets have to society – they tend to be personal focused, not societal. That is a leadership issue. That leadership starts with vision and communication from those that understand the issue to the elected officials that need to advocate for their infrastructure. Elected officials need to take ownership of infrastructure. It is like your house – you need to upgrade and protect it constantly. You do not let that roof leak keep leaking! Elected officials that do not invest in infrastructure, are letting the roof leak. Making is someone else’s problem for political expediency is not leadership.
Despite the infrastructure crisis, the good news is that construction of piping is increasing – both new and replacement. Every so many months, the magazine Utility Contractor will note current trends and pipe seems to be going up. That’s good but there is a long way to go. Better news – the construction of buildings is increasing. That could lead to more revenues. In Florida, all of a sudden finding experienced construction workers is a problem. Things are definitely better economically, but are we taking advantage to improve the local infrastructure, or is you economy simply an infrastructure disruption away from another fault?